Did you know that Tallinn is the capital of the world’s first digital country?
Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, the three Baltic republics, were annexed by the Soviet Union during World War II.
In 1991, they got independence and with it, several changes came. At that time, Estonia lacked a Constitution. Its banking system and the infrastructures were out of date. The society had no internet nor devices to access. The task was not easy, but they decided to bet on digitalization.
And they started building e-Estonia
A country where “almost everything” could be done digitally and where electronic services could be available 24 hours a day, every day of the week, 365 days of the year. And so, it came:
- e-Governance, in 1997. 99% of public services can be done electronically, they leave aside the bureaucracy and the handling of thousands of documents.
- e-Tax, in 2000. 95% of tax returns are filed electronically.
- x-Road, in 2001. It allows institutions and organizations to exchange information through the internet.
- Digital ID, in 2002. Estonian citizens have an identification card with which they can perform banking operations, sign documents and obtain a digital medical prescription.
- i-Voting, in 2005. The citizens of Estonia can vote from any computer connected anywhere in the world.
- Public safety, in 2007. The police becomes much more efficient, public order is strengthened thanks to the digitalization.
- Blockchain, in 2008. With the Blockchain technology they are guaranteeing the cyber security.
- e-Health, in 2008. 95% of the data generated by doctors and hospitals is digitalized, so that patients are the owners of their health data.
- e-Residency, in 2014. It allows managing companies online, conducting business worldwide.
Estonia is probably the most advanced digital country in the world.
If you want to know more about the digitalization of Estonia, click here.