The first Jews settled in the city of Prague around the tenth century. In the thirteenth century, King Přemysl Otakar II gave them legal rights. Since then, a Jewish neighbourhood started to grow in Prague.
The Jewish quarter or Josefov (in honour of the Ausburg emperor, Joseph II) was formed after the union of the two Jewish communities in Prague in the Middle Ages, one revolving around the present-day Spanish Synagogue, the other around the Old-New Synagogue.
Around 1850, the Jewish community began to emancipate and modernise and the old Jewish quartier deteriorated. By the end of the 19th century, the reconstruction of the neighbourhood was approved, of which only the synagogues, the cemetery and the town hall are conserved.
- Spanish Synagogue, its interior with Moorish motifs reminds us of the Alhambra in Granada, Spain
- Pinkas Synagogue, homage to the victims of the Holocaust
- Maisel Synagogue, with ancient books, jewels, and objects related to the life of the Jews
- Old-New Synagogue, dates from the 13th century, being the oldest in Europe active
- Klausen Synagogue, has a collection of texts in Hebrew and a permanent exhibition on Jewish customs
The Old Jewish Cemetery
For several centuries, it was the only place where Jews could be buried in the city of Prague. The cemetery houses around 12,000 tombstones.
The Jewish Quarter City Hall
It was built at the end of the 16th century in Maiselova 250/18. It has undergone several renovations, the last one in 1908.
The synagogues and the cemetery take part of the Jewish Museum of Prague along with:
- Robert Guttmann Gallery, for temporary exhibitions
- Ceremonial Hall, for the Jewish customs
Address Maiselova 15, where the Information and Reservation Center is
The Jewish Museum opens daily except Saturdays and the Jewish holidays:
- Summer: 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.
- Winter: 9 a.m. to 4.30 p.m.
There are different type of tickets:
- 1, it includes the Old-New Synagogue
- 2, it includes Maisel Synagogue, Pinkas Synagogue, Klausen Synagogue, Spanish Synagogue (closed till the end of 2020), Old Jewish Cemetery, Ceremonial Hall and Robert Guttmann Gallery
- 1+2, combining tickets 1 and 2
There are different rates:
- Reduced: children between 6 and 15, students under 26, families
- Free: children under 6 years old
Tickets can be purchased online, at the Information and Reservation Center, at Klausen Synagogue or at Pinkas Synagogue.
How to get there
- Underground: line A, Staromestska station
Click on the following link if you want to discover more about the Jewish neighbourhood in Prague!