In the nineteenth century, the population that lived in the city of Barcelona grew and people lived crammed into the little space between the sea and the walls. And the city, as we know it now, in the 21st century, is the result of three reforms.
The first reform
The first and main reform, by the engineer and urban planner Ildefons Cerdà, was the Cerdà Plan. It was intended to provide Barcelona with L’Eixample and give it wide streets where transport could easily circulate. He proposed parallel and perpendicular streets to each other. Except the Diagonal, the Meridiana and the Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes that were unified in the Plaza de les Glòries Catalanes. And giving rise to almost perfect squares, with cuts in the corners in chamfering shape for easy visibility. This L’Eixample was built in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, in full Catalan industrialisation. And giving rise to six neighbourhoods: the Antiga Esquerra de l’Eixample, the Dreta, the Nova Esquerra de l’Eixample, the Fort Pienc, the Sagrada Family and Sant Antoni, equipped with service areas and parks.
Several architects of the time, such as Antoni Gaudí, Lluís Domènech i Montaner and Josep Puig i Cadafalch, built modernist buildings of great artistic value, decorating them with wrought iron, stucco and leaded glass.
The second reform
When the Olympic Games were held in Barcelona in 1992, the city underwent through a second transformation. It affected the area of Montjüic and Poblenou, where abandoned factories were demolished. The city opened to the sea in the Olympic Village and was endowed with large green areas.
The third reform
Subsequently, already in the XXI century, the city suffered its last change, with the 22@ district and the Diagonal Mar area.